Looking to reside or invest in Australia? It might not be a bad idea to do so, with a recent report ranking four Australian cities as some of the most liveable in the world.
How “livable” is your city? Moreover, what exactly makes one city more livable than another? The Economist Intelligence Unit’s annual Liveability Report ranked Melbourne as the world’s most liveability city in 2013, with an overall score of 97.5 out of 100, while Adelaide, Sydney and Perth also made the list at numbers five, seven and nine, respectively. Notably, Melbourne was named the world’s most liveable city for the third year running, nudging out the Austrian capital city, Vienna.
Here are the top 10: Continue reading
Card data encryption standards are primarily a set of algorithms that are used to encode information concerning the private financial information of individual cardholders. The card data encryption standards that are used today got their beginnings at IBM in the 1970s. They are based on a design created by Horst Feistel who submitted his ideas to the national bureau of standards when they asked for all professionals to try and adapt a way to encrypt this type of information.
This first card data encryption standard has now been replaced with versions that allow for even more security than the first versions had. At that time we had no idea how much the use of the internet was going to grow and we had no idea of the technology that people were going to invent. The ever growing and changing technology made it necessary for the card data encryption methods to be ever changing and progressive.
In the past there was only one source of payment for merchandise and services so there was only one payment systems needed. Then the payment systems were adapted to accept checks and promissory notes from people and companies. The payment systems had to further evolve to accept electronic transactions using credit cards, debit cards, and the newer types of acceptable payments.
Today people have many different options in the way they will pay for the items they buy. There are just as many different payment systems in place to accept those different payment sources.